Anal fixation may occur due to strictness showed by the child's parents while toilet training, which can have two possible outcomes. In response, the German Neo-Freudian psychoanalyst Karen Horney , counter-proposed that girls instead develop " Power envy ", rather than penis envy. The ego and superego develop in order to exercise this control and direct the need for gratification into socially acceptable channels. This is one of Freud's most controversial ideas and one that many people reject outright. Well, that's what Sigmund Freud believed. Hence, because said drives are latent hidden and gratification is delayed — unlike during the preceding oral, anal, and phallic stages — the child must derive the pleasure of gratification from secondary process-thinking that directs the libidinal drives towards external activities, such as schooling, friendships, hobbies, etc. In the young boy, the Oedipus complex or more correctly, conflict, arises because the boy develops sexual pleasurable desires for his mother. Anal Stage This stage occurs between two to four years when a child starts toilet or potty training.
Irrationally, the boy thinks that if his father were to find out about all this, his father would take away what he loves the most. At this stage, children frequently indulge in playing with their genitals in order to explore them. Anal Stage This stage occurs between two to four years when a child starts toilet or potty training. How parents react to this behavior of their children decides the outcome of the fixation at this stage. As a result, the girl redirects her desire for sexual union upon father; thus, she progresses towards heterosexual femininity that culminates in bearing a child who replaces the absent penis. Scientific[ edit ] A usual criticism of the scientific experimental validity of the Freudian psychology theory of human psychosexual development is that Sigmund Freud — was personally fixated upon human sexuality ; therefore, he favored defining human development with a normative theory of psychologic and sexual development. This is resolved through the process of identification, which involves the child adopting the characteristics of the same sex parent. Oral personalities engage in such oral behaviors, particularly when under stress. Anal stage The second stage of psychosexual development is the anal stage , spanning from the age of eighteen months to three years, wherein the infant's erogenous zone changes from the mouth the upper digestive tract to the anus the lower digestive tract , while the ego formation continues. The psychological difference between the phallic and genital stages is that the ego is established in the latter; the person's concern shifts from primary-drive gratification instinct to applying secondary process-thinking to gratify desire symbolically and intellectually by means of friendships, a love relationship, family and adult responsibilities. They like giving things away. In Analysis of a Phobia in a Five-year-old Boy , the case study of the boy " Little Hans " Herbert Graf, —73 who was afflicted with equinophobia , the relation between Hans's fears - of horses and of father - derived from external factors such as the birth of his sister, and internal factors like the desire of the infantile id to replace father as companion to mother, as well as guilt for enjoying the masturbation normal to a boy of his age. NB Freud used the term 'sexual' in a very general way to mean all pleasurable actions and thoughts. The genital stage affords the person the ability to confront and resolve his or her remaining psychosexual childhood conflicts. As the troops advance, they are met by opposition or conflict. Contemporary criticism also questions the universality of the Freudian theory of personality Id, Ego, Super-ego discussed in the essay On Narcissism , wherein he said that "it is impossible to suppose that a unity, comparable to the ego can exist in the individual from the very start". Whether or not the child has successfully resolved the Oedipal conflict , the instinctual drives of the id are inaccessible to the Ego, because his or her defense mechanisms repressed them during the phallic stage. He reported that in the insular matriarchal society of the Trobriand, boys are disciplined by their maternal uncles, not their fathers; impartial, avuncular discipline. In describing human personality development as psychosexual Freud meant to convey that what develops is the way in which sexual energy accumulates and is discharged as we mature biologically. Latency stage The fourth stage of psychosexual development is the latency stage that spans from the age of six years until puberty , wherein the child consolidates the character habits he or she developed in the three, earlier stages of psychologic and sexual development. In the case of too much gratification, the child does not learn that he or she does not control the environment, and that gratification is not always immediate, thereby forming an immature personality. The ego and superego develop in order to exercise this control and direct the need for gratification into socially acceptable channels. Any neuroses established during the fourth, latent stage, of psychosexual development might derive from the inadequate resolution either of the Oedipus conflict or of the Ego's failure to direct his or her energies towards socially acceptable activities. They can be stubborn and tight-fisted with their cash and possessions. In a boy, a phallic-stage fixation might lead him to become an aggressive, over-ambitious, vain man. On the other hand, an overindulged person is known to have an oral aggressive personality, which is characterized by optimism, gullibility, hostility, etc. For example, fixation at the oral stage may result in a person gaining sexual pleasure primarily from kissing and oral sex, rather than sexual intercourse.
Video about psychosexual stages of freud:
Daddy Issues Explained - Freud's PsychoSexual Developmental Stages
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