The libido contains conceptual, Platonic, erotic and sexual components. Analogously, in the phallic stage, a girl's decisive psychosexual experience is the Electra complex , her daughter—mother competition for psychosexual possession of father. Anal fixation may occur due to strictness showed by the child's parents while toilet training, which can have two possible outcomes. The second defense mechanism is Identification , by which the child incorporates, to his or her ego, the personality characteristics of the same-sex parent; in so adapting, the boy diminishes his castration anxiety , because his likeness to father protects him from father's wrath as a rival for mother; by so adapting, the girl facilitates identifying with mother, who understands that, in being females, neither of them possesses a penis, and thus they are not antagonists. The style of parenting influences the resolution of the id—ego conflict, which can be either gradual and psychologically uneventful, or which can be sudden and psychologically traumatic. He named this energy as libido. Yet, weaning increases the infant's self-awareness that he or she does not control the environment, and thus learns of delayed gratification , which leads to the formation of the capacities for independence awareness of the limits of the self and trust behaviors leading to gratification. Phallic stage The third stage of psychosexual development is the phallic stage , spanning the ages of three to six years, wherein the child's genitalia are his or her primary erogenous zone. The other possible outcome is an anal expulsive personality, which is defined by a lack of self control, carelessness, and messy behavior.
The boy focuses his libido sexual desire upon his mother, and focuses jealousy and emotional rivalry against his father — because it is he who sleeps with mother. The ideal resolution of the id—ego conflict is in the child's adjusting to moderate parental demands that teach the value and importance of physical cleanliness and environmental order, thus producing a self-controlled adult. Anal stage The second stage of psychosexual development is the anal stage , spanning from the age of eighteen months to three years, wherein the infant's erogenous zone changes from the mouth the upper digestive tract to the anus the lower digestive tract , while the ego formation continues. How children explore and experiment their sexuality at this stage defines their adult behavior. Whether or not the child has successfully resolved the Oedipal conflict , the instinctual drives of the id are inaccessible to the Ego, because his or her defense mechanisms repressed them during the phallic stage. Yet, the boy Hans was unable to relate fearing horses to fearing his father. For better understanding, take a look at the following chart that would help you understand the stages in a glance. Said oral-stage fixation might have two effects: As a result, the girl redirects her desire for sexual union upon father; thus, she progresses towards heterosexual femininity that culminates in bearing a child who replaces the absent penis. Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development This article will tell you about Sigmund Freud's five stages of psychosexual development that are still debated in the field of psychology. He reported that in the insular matriarchal society of the Trobriand, boys are disciplined by their maternal uncles, not their fathers; impartial, avuncular discipline. Well, that's what Sigmund Freud believed. The genital stage affords the person the ability to confront and resolve his or her remaining psychosexual childhood conflicts. How parents react to this behavior of their children decides the outcome of the fixation at this stage. Yet, thwarting of the oral-stage — too much or too little gratification of desire — might lead to an oral-stage fixation , characterised by passivity, gullibility, immaturity, unrealistic optimism , which is manifested in a manipulative personality consequent to ego malformation. Constituents and Components are formed through a phase of position formation and a realization phase. In a boy, a phallic-stage fixation might lead him to become an aggressive, over-ambitious, vain man. The pediatrician Jack Newman proposed that breast feeding a child until he or she chooses to wean c. Hence, because said drives are latent hidden and gratification is delayed — unlike during the preceding oral, anal, and phallic stages — the child must derive the pleasure of gratification from secondary process-thinking that directs the libidinal drives towards external activities, such as schooling, friendships, hobbies, etc. The second defense mechanism is Identification , by which the child incorporates, to his or her ego, the personality characteristics of the same-sex parent; in so adapting, the boy diminishes his castration anxiety , because his likeness to father protects him from father's wrath as a rival for mother; by so adapting, the girl facilitates identifying with mother, who understands that, in being females, neither of them possesses a penis, and thus they are not antagonists. The other possible outcome is an anal expulsive personality, which is defined by a lack of self control, carelessness, and messy behavior. Scientific[ edit ] A usual criticism of the scientific experimental validity of the Freudian psychology theory of human psychosexual development is that Sigmund Freud — was personally fixated upon human sexuality ; therefore, he favored defining human development with a normative theory of psychologic and sexual development. Electra , by Sophocles. Such a person is said have an oral receptive personality. Postulates of this Model: At this stage, children frequently indulge in playing with their genitals in order to explore them. According to him, every child is full of energy that needs to be channelized in the right direction.
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Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts: Motivation, Personality and Development
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